Wednesday, August 17, 2011

News---Which Generals Are Overrated?

The War List: Overrated Civil War Officers, Gary W. Gallagher, Military History Quarterly, Online Departments, August 03, 2011

1. Lieutenant General Nathan Bedford Forrest: Reached His Full Potential

Historian Shelby Foote's widely quoted view that Forrest stood alongside Abraham Lincoln as one of the war's "two authentic geniuses" defines hyperbole. Forrest was an excellent cavalry officer who vexed Union forces in the Western Theater. His many admirers claimed he should have been given far greater responsibility, perhaps even army command. But Forrest lacked the administrative skills, temperament, and intellect to lead an army. Nothing in his record suggests he could have succeeded in operational or strategic planning and execution.

2. Major General John Fulton Reynolds: The 'Best' Based On Little

Reynolds has often been described as the best corps chief in the Union's Army of the Potomac, a gifted officer who turned down command of the republic's largest force on the eve of Gettysburg. But he exemplifies the phenomenon of reputations inflated by death in dramatic circumstances. Prior to Gettysburg, he led the I Corps at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, in neither instance distinguishing himself. The shot that killed him on the morning of July 1, 1863, as he rode toward the fighting along McPherson's Ridge, elevated him to the status of martyred hero—and sparked untold speculation about what might have been.

3. General Joseph E. Johnston: Retreated All The Way To Glory

Johnston appeals to those who believe Robert E. Lee too often pursued bloody offensives. Frequently compared to the great Roman general Fabius Maximus, he has been lauded as one who understood that masterful retreats and defensive thinking best suited the Confederacy's needs. Yet his retreats in Virginia and Georgia demoralized the South, while his logistical blundering after First Bull Run, clumsy offensive on the Peninsula in May 1862, and pathological concern with rank and privilege all harmed the cause.

4. Colonel John Singleton Mosby: Achieved A Ghostly Impact

Few figures from the Civil War have inspired more romantic adulation than Mosby, whose battalion of partisan rangers operated in the Shenandoah Valley and elsewhere in northern Virginia. The Gray Ghost's own postwar writings helped burnish his reputation, leaving no deed unmentioned and undoubtedly persuading 20th-century television producers to create a series based on his exploits. Yet Mosby's attacks on supply trains and other activities, though annoying to Union commanders, did nothing to shape the larger outcome of the war in Virginia.

5. Brigadier General Joshua L. Chamberlain: Canonized By Book And Film

Chamberlain, commanding his 20th Maine Infantry, was one of many Union colonels who led their units with distinction at Gettysburg, and he compiled a splendid record in later campaigns. He remained largely forgotten until Michael Shaara's book The Killer Angels and Ken Burns's documentary The Civil War sent his stock soaring. By the mid-1990s, his reputation outshone that of all Union officers except Ulysses S. Grant and perhaps William Tecumseh Sherman. The "Hero of Little Round Top," as he came to be known, surely deserves to be remembered—but only as one among many.

Gary W. Gallagher, a professor of history at the University of Virginia, is the author of The Confederate War (1997), Lee and His Army in Confederate History (2001), and The Union War (2011).

Text Source: Military History Quarterly

CWL: The comments left in response to this list are interesting to read. Several defenses of Mosby and Forrest, none of Johnston. And no responses regarding Reynolds or Chamberlain. There is a good response regarding the work of an historian and the evaluations of an enthusiast.

One response was a declaration of from New Zealand: "What a load of rubbish. Even myself as an amateur historian can see through this attempt to have a go at the Confederate historians. I would prefer to read honest articles from good historians than to read something of an agenda that this article is. Note to self. Dont read any of Gary Callagher's books."

CWL's response to this comment was: "You should read Gallagher's 'The Confederate War'. I bet you'll find very little to disagree with between the covers. Also, check out The Teaching Company's lecture series on 'Robert E. Lee and His Lieutenants' taught by Gallagher. Gallagher is very complimentary to Lee and his staff.

1 comment:

David Wayne Shuey said...

I am in awe of professor Gallagher's infinite knowledge of Civil War actions and actors, and would never challenge his mastery of the facts. However, his assessment of Forrest should have been restricted to what the man accomplideathsather than concentrating this criticism on his potential. As for our country's " greatest insurgent", Mosby who terrorized the Federals while occupying the attention of forces 25 times his number. He even overcame a terrorism campaign executed by Sheridan which exceeded Sherman's ruthlessness and included the use of human shields and prisoner executions - tactics we find reprehensible by our contemporary enemies. Please pardon spelling as I posted this on mobile phone.
I will excuse the professor, it's the sesquicentennial and a great time to sell books!